First of all: This article deals with small excerpts from the GdB. Questions about the application, what do I do if “too little GdB” comes out, are the subject of a separate article.
What does GdB mean?
This is short for Degree of disability.
With special needs? Not me, some might think. Especially since the choice of words “disability” has meanwhile been rejected as politically incorrect, especially by those affected. Most of the so-called “disabled people” prefer the term “handicap” with the argument that “we are not hindered by our physical condition, but by others”. Which is of course true, but the legislature usually has longer lead times here.
However, there are also important things to note and take to heart for us lipedema patients in this context.
What can be important for lipedema patients?
For limbs affected by lymphedema there is 0 - 10 as GdB (no, not percent, only GdB). In the "best" case, you get GdB 40. If your ability to walk is already significantly impaired, there is still no way to the G symbol and the associated exemptions in local transport (there will be a separate contribution to the G symbol) . Or, in terms of workplace technology, one does not yet benefit from termination difficulties for the employer. Here, every person affected should check very carefully whether they have really brought in all the impairments. The following often occur in conjunction with a lipedema disease:
- Gonarthrosis, hip osteoarthritis due to the displacement of the leg axis
- Back pain due to the unnatural curvature of the pronounced buttocks area when lying down
- Dermatological damage, contact eczema, especially in the area between the thighs
Unfortunately, there is no GdB for fibromyalgia or restless legs. However, the psychological and physical impairments caused by painful conditions must also be assessed by experts. Obesity as such does not count as a disease, even if it occurs in conjunction with lipedema, only its sequelae.
Handicapped or severely handicapped - what's the difference?
People with a GdB of at least 50 (§ 2 SGB IX) are considered severely disabled. Severely disabled people receive integration assistance (Sections 68 ff. SGB IX), enjoy special protection against dismissal (Sections 85 ff. SGB IX; this also applies to disabled people of equal status with a GdB of at least 30) as well as the right to additional leave (only in the case of severe disabilities, Section 125 SGB IX).
This is where a legally controversial question comes into play: Do you have to report a severe disability to the employer?
This begins with the application and ends in the event of a termination for operational reasons. Only one thing is clear here: You don't have to state a disability without being asked. In most cases, this question concerns those who have not yet reached a severe disability, but who have a GdB of at least 30. If you submit an application for equality, the employer learns from the GdB. So here is the point to be weighed up: do I bring this into play or not?
With a GdB of at least 50 you can retire earlier. For those who find it harder and harder to work every year, this is a thoroughly worthwhile alternative. It should be noted here that the waiting period of 35 years must be fulfilled.
With this in mind, more about this and many other topics on this blog,
Your Ruth Leitenmaier